‘GA’ designates the number in Rudolf Steiner’s Gesamtausgabe (collected works).

Epistemological writings

Steiner, R. (1894) Die Philosophie der Freiheit – Grundzüge einer modernen Weltanschauung – Seelische Beobachtungresultate nach naturwissenschaftlischer Methode. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, GA 4, 1987. Translated by Rita Stebbing: The philosophy of freedom – a philosophy of spiritual activity – The basic elements of a modern world view – The result of observing the human soul as natural science observes nature. Rudolf Steiner Press, London, 1988. Download the Philosophy of Freedom (Philosophy of Spiritual Activity).

Steiner, R. (1892) Wahrheit und Wissenschaft – Vorspiel einer ‘Philosophie der Freiheit. Rudolf Steiner Verlag. GA 3, 1980. Translated by Rita Stebbing: Truth and Science, Rudolf Steiner Publications Inc. New York 1963

Steiner, Rudolf. (1886) Erkenntnistheorie der Goetheschen Weltanschauung. Rudolf Steiner Verlag. GA 2, 1979. Translation by Olin D. Wannamaker: Theory of Knowledge implicit in Goethe’s World Conception. Anthroposophic Press, Spring Valley, New York 1968

Steiner, R. (1884-1897) Einleitungen zu Goethes Naturwissenschaftlichen Schriften. Rudolf Steiner Verlag. GA 1, 1987. Translated by Olin D. Wannamaker: Goethe the Scientist, Anthroposophic Press, New York, 1950

Steiner, R. (1904-1923) In ‘Philosophie und Anthroposophie.’ Rudolf Steiner Verlag, GA 35, 1984. Translated by Harold Jurgens as ‘Philosophy and Anthroposophy’. Mercury Press, New York, 1988.

Steiner, R. (1897) Goethes Weltanschauung. GA 6. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach 1990. Translated by William Lindeman as ‘Goethe’s world view’. Pubs: Mercury Press, Spring Valley, New York, 1985

Steiner, R. (1914) Die Rätseln der Philosophie – in ihrer Geschichte als Umriß dargestellt. GA 18. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1985. Translated as ‘Riddles of Philosophy’. 1973. Anthroposophic Press, Spring Valley, New York

Books directly relevant to natural science

Steiner, R. (1910) Die Geheimwissenschaft im Umriss. GA 13. Rudold Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1989. Translated by George and Mary Adams as ‘Occult Science: An Outline’. 1963. Rudolf Steiner Press, London

Steiner, R. (1904) Theosophie. Einführung in übersinnliche Welterkenntnis und Menschenbestimmung. GA 9. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1987. Revised translated by M. Cottrell (1954) & A. P. Shepherd (1965): ‘Theosophy: An introduction to the supersensible knowledge of the world and the destination of man’, Rudolf Steiner Press, London

Lectures relevant to the sciences and approaches to them

Steiner, R. (1920) Geisteswissenschaftliche Impulse zur Entwicklung der Physik I. Erster naturwissenschaftlicher Kurs: Licht, Farbe, Ton – Masse, Elektrizität, Magnetismus. 10 lectures given at Stuttgart, 23rd December 1919 – 3rd January 1920. GA 320. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, 1987. Translated by George Adams as ‘First scientific lecture course – Light course. Pubs: Goethean Science Foundation. Reprinted 1977 in 2 volumes for Steiner Schools Fellowship, Michael Hall, Forest Row, Sussex, UK. Distributor: Robinswood Press, 30 South Avenue, Stourbridge, West Midlands, DY8 3XY, UK

Steiner, R. (1920) Geisteswissenschaftliche Impulse zur Entwicklung der Physik II. Zweiter naturwissenschaftlicher Kurs: Die Wärme auf der Grenze positiver und negativer Materialität. 14 lectures given at Stuttgart, 1-14 March. GA 321. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, 1982. Translated by George Adams, Alice Wulsin & Gerald Karnow: ‘Warmth course’, Mercury Press, Spring Valley, New York, 1988

Steiner, R. (1921) Das Verhältnis der verschiedenen naturwissenschaftlichen Gebiete zur Astronomie. Dritter Naturwissenschaftlicher Kurs: Himmelskunde in Beziehung zum Menschen und zur Menschenkunde. 18 lectures given at Stuttgart, 1st – 18th January. GA 323. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, 1983 (No published translation is available in English. The typescript of a translation by George Adams entitled ‘The relation of the diverse branches of the natural sciences to astronomy – 3rd Science Course’ is kept at The Library, Rudold Steiner House, 35 Park Road, London NW1 6XT). Download Steiner’s 3rd Science Course.

Steiner, R. (1921) Naturbeobachtung, Mathematik, Experiment und die Erkenntnisstufen der Geistesforschung, 8 lectures given in Stuttgart, March 16-23, 1921. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, GA 324. Translated by Walter Stuber and Mark Gardner as: ‘Anthroposophy and Science – Observation, Experiment, Mathematics’ Pubs: Mercury Press, Spring Valley, New York, 1991

Steiner, R. (1923) Der Entstehungsmoment der Naturwissenschaft in der Weltgeschichte und ihre seitherige Entwickelung. GA 326. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1977. Translated by Maria St. Goar as ‘The origins of natural science’. 1985. Pubs: Anthroposophic Press, Spring Valley, New York & Rudolf Steiner Press, London

Steiner, R. (1920) Grenzen der Naturerkenntnis. 8 lectures given at Dornach, September 27-October 3, 1920. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach. GA 322. Translated by Frederick Amrine and Konrad Oberhuber as ‘The Boundaries of Natural Science’ (1969). With an Introduction by Saul Bellow. Anthroposophic Press, Spring Valley, New York. 1983.

Steiner, R. (1924) Geisteswissenschaftliche Grundlagen zum Gedeihen der Landwirtschaft. 8 lectures given at Koberwitz, 7th – 16th June. GA 327. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1984. Translated by George Adams as ‘Agriculture’. 1974. Pubs: Biodynamic Agricultural Association, Rudolf Steiner House, London

Steiner, R. (1923) Mysteriengestaltungen. 14 lectures, Dornach, 23rd November – 23rd December. GA232. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach. Translated by E. H. Goddard and D. S. Osmond as ‘Mystery knowledge and mystery centres’. Pubs:Rudolf Steiner Press, London 1973. ISBN 1-85584-061-8.

Steiner, R. (1917) Von Seelenrätseln. GA 21. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1983.

Steiner, R. (1923) Bees. 8 lectures 3.2.23-22.12.23, Dornach. GA 348. Anthroposophic Press, Hudson, NY.

Beitraege zur Rudolf Steiner Gesamtausgabe, Heft 121: Aufgabenstellungen fuer naturwissenschaftliche Forschungen – Aeusserungen von Rudolf Steiner ueber: Die vier Aetherarten / Elektrizitaet / Veredelung von Torffasern / Radio; Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach. ca. 80 S., h/b., SFr. 18.- / DM 19.- / OeS 139.-, ISBN 3-7274-8121-8; Due for publication Easter 1999. (‘The Schiller File’ contains indications on the four ethers, electricity, refining peat fibres, radio).

‘GA’ designates the number in Rudolf Steiner’s Gesamtausgabe (collected works).

Medical Science

Steiner, R. and Wegman, Ita (1925) Grundlegendes für eine Erweiterung der Heilkunst nach geisteswissenschaftlichen Erkentnissen. GA27 Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 9th Ed. 1991. Translated by George Adams as ‘Fundamentals of therapy – An extension of the art of healing through spiritual knowledge.’ Pubs: Rudolf Steiner Press, London 1967.

Steiner, R. (1924) Meditative Betrachtungen und Anleitungen zur Vertiefung der Heilkunst. GA 316. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach. Translated as ‘Lectures to young doctors’ A series of 8 lectures 2-9th January and 5 lectures 21-25th April 1924 given in Dornach. Published as study material only by: The Anthroposophical Medical Association. Copies available from Dr. James Dyson, Park Attwood Clinic, trimpley, Bewdley, West Midlands DY12 1RE.

Steiner, R. (1920) Geisteswissenschaft und Medizin. 20 lectures given at Dornach, 21st March – 9th April. GA312. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1985. Translated as ‘Spiritual Science and Medicine’, Pubs: Rudolf Steiner Press, 1975 (Out of print)

Steiner, R. (1922) Physiologisch-Therapeutisches auf Grundlage der Geisteswissenschaft. Zur Therapie und Hygiene. Twelve lectures and additional material given at Stuttgart, 1920, 1922 & 1924. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1989. Four lectures given in Stuttgart, 26th-28th October 1922 published as ‘The anthroposophical approach to medicine’. Pubs: Anthroposophical Publishing Co., 1951.

Steiner, R. (1911) Eine okkulte Physiologie. 8 lectures given at Prague 20-28th March 1911. GA128. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach. English Title: An Occult Physiology. Rudolf Steiner Press, London, 1983.

Steiner, R. Geisteswissenschaft, Naturwissenschaft, Technik (Public Lecture)
ISBN 3-7274-8107-2


Steiner, R. (1900) Haeckel and his Opponents

Steiner, R. Mathematics and Occultism, in Archetype, issue 3, September 1997, pp. 46-53

Visit the Rudolf Steiner Archive and eLib for bibliographies, bibliographic aids and downloads of other works by Steiner.

Other authors


Elemente der Naturwissenschaft
Editor: Dr. Johannes Wirz, Forschungslaboratorium am Goetheanum, Hügelweg 59, CH-4143 Dornach, Switzerland. Email:100716.1756@Compuserve.Com. Distributor: Verlag der Kooperative Dürnau, Im Winkel 11, D-88422 Dürnau, Germany Tel: +49 7582 93000, Fax +49 7582 930020. Subscription 28.- DM/year for 2 issues, 16.- per single issue, inclusive of p&p. List of contents of back issues.

Tycho de Brahe Jahrbuch für Goetheanismus
Editorial board: Roselies Gehlig, Thomas Göbel, Johannes Kühl, Wolfgang Schad, Hans-Joachim Strüh. Annual: 1984- Tycho Brahe-Verlag, Am Eichhof, 75223 Niefern-Öschelbronn, Germany. Produced by Kooperative Dürnau, Im Winkel 11, D-7952 Düranu, Germany. ISSN 0177-168 x

Science Forum
This journal appeared in ten issues between the years 1979 and 1996 when it ceased publication. It was edited by Dr Howard Smith, Hedley Gange and latterly John Messenger. List of contents of back issues.

Annual journal of the Science Group of the Anthroposophical Society in Great Britain. Edited by Dr David J. Heaf. ISSN 1462-8775. List of contents of back issues.

Newsletter of the Society for the Evolution of Science
Editor: Jim Kotz, PO. Box 1063, Santa Barbara, California 93102-1063. Tel: (805) 898-0412. Email: Subscription: $15 per year.

Mathematisch-Physikalisch Korrespondenz
Editor: Dr Georg Unger. Subscriptions are Sfr40/DM45 per year. Available from the editor: Dr. G. Unger, Mathematisch-Physicalisches Institut, Dorneckstr. 15, CH-4143 Dornach, Switzerland.

Il Divano Morfologico – Magazine of Morphology.
Articles in Italian and English. First issue, 1998. Six-Monthly. Editor: Sandro Curti. Pubs: Il Capitello del Sole, Bologna, Italy. Subscriptions: Il Capitello del Sole, via Cartoliera 20/b, I-40124 Bologna, Italy.

Waldorf Science Newsletter. Edited by David Mitchell & John Petering. Published by Association of Waldorf Schools in North America (AWSNA)

Goethe’s scientific writings

Goethe: The Collected Works — Volume 12: Scientific Studies. Edited and Translated by Douglas Miller. Paper 1995 $29.95 £19.95, 370 pp. 9 color illustrations, Princeton University Press USA

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang. Naturwissenschaftliche Schriften. (With introductions footnotes, and comments to the text added by Rudolf Steiner. The introductions are also printed in one volume – see Ref. 6 below) Facsimile of the original Kürschner German National Literature edition (1884-1897) Vol. 1: Bildung und Umbildung organischer Naturen. Zur Morphologie (1884). Vol. II: Zur Naturwissenschaft im Allgemeinen. Mineralogie und Geologie. Meteorologie (1887) Vol III: Beiträge zur Optik. Zur Farbenlehre. Enthüllung der Theorie Newtons (1890) Vol. IV: Zur Farbenlehre II: Materialien zur Geschichte der Farbenlehre (Schluß) Entoptische Farben. Paralipomena zur Chromatik. Nachträge. Sprüche in Prosa. Nachträge zu den naturwissenschaftlichen Schriften (1897), Rudolf Steiner Gesamtausgabe 1a-e, Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1975 (hardback) & 1982 (paperback).

Goethe, J. W. (1790) Die Metamorphose der Pflanze. Revised English translation by Anne Marshall and Heinz Grotzke: ‘The metamorphosis of plants’. 1978. Pubs: Bio-dynamic Literature, Wyoming, Rhode Island 02898, USA

Goethe, J. W. (1784) Der Granit als Unterlage aller geologishen Bildung. in Volume II of Ref. 3. A translation entitled ‘Granite’ is available from Steiner Scools Fellowship Publications distributed by Robinswood Press (See Ref. 28)

Goethe, J. W. von (1782) Essay ‘Nature’, in Tiefurt Journal. Exerpt translated in Reference 34 above, page 36.

Goethe, J. W. (1829) Betrachtungen im Sinnne der Wandrer, Gesamtausgabe, Vol. 18, Munchen, 1961-3

Theory of Colours. Goethe, J. W. Facsimile of the 1840 edition in English published by John Murray, London. MIT Press, Mass. 1970. ISBN 262 57021 1.

Goethe’s Botanical Writings. Trans. Bertha Mueller. 1952. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.

Goethe on Science — An Anthology of Goethe’s Scientific Writings. Jeremy Naydler (ed.) 1996. Floris Books, Edinburgh. ISBN 0-86315-237-6.

Goethe and his scientific approach

Goethe and the sciences: A Reappraisal. E. Amrine, F. J. Zucker & H. Wheeler, Eds. with an annotated bibliograsphy by Frederick Amrine. Volume 97 of Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Edited by Robert S. Cohen and Marx W. Wartofsky. 442pp. illus. D. Reidel Publishing, Boston.

Bortoft, Henri (1986) Goethe’s Scientific Consciousness. Pubs: Institute for Cultural Research, PO Box 13, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, TN3 OJD. Distributor: Octogon Press, PO Box 227, London N6 4EW, UK

The Wholeness of Nature – Goethe’s Way Toward a Science of Conscious Participation in Nature. Henri Bortoft. 1996. Lindisfarne Press, Hudson, NY. ISBN 0-940262-79-7. (Incorporates the author’s earlier work ‘Goethe’s Scientific Consciousness’). Also published as ISBN 0-86315-238-4 by Floris Books, Edinburgh.

Goethe’s Way of Science – A Phenomenology of Nature. David Seamon & Arthur Zajonc (eds). 1998. SUNY Press. ISBN 0-7914-3682-9.

Goethe and the scientific tradition’, H. S. Nisbet, University of London Institute of Germanic Studies, 1972

Gray, Ronald D. (1952) Goethe the alchemist – a study of alchemical symbolism in Goethe’s literary and scientific works. Pubs: Cambridge University Press.

Books on anthroposophical and Goethean approaches to natural science

Edelglass, Stephen, George Maier, Hans Gebert & John Davy (1992) ‘Matter and Mind – imaginative participation in science’, Pubs. Floris Books, Edinburgh. Republished substantially revised as ‘The Marriage of Sense and Thought – Imaginative Participation in Science’, 1997, Lindisfarne Books, Hudson, New York.

Lehrs, Ernst L. (1958) Man or matter – Introduction to a spiritual understanding of nature on the basis of Goethe’s method of training, observation and thought. 3rd Edition with revisions by Nick Thomas & Peter Bortoft. Pubs: Rudolf Steiner Press, London, 1985

Bockemühl , J., ed. (1992) ‘Towards a phenomenology of the etheric world. Investigations into the life of nature and man’. Anthroposophic Press, Spring Valley, New York.

Edwards, Lawrence (1993) The vortex of life – nature’s patterns in space and time. Pubs: Floris Books, Edinburgh

Mathematics (pure and applied) and Projective Geometry

Edwards, Lawrence (1985) Projective geometry – an approach to the secrets of space from the standpoint of artistic and imaginative thought. Pubs: Rudolf Steiner Institute, Phoenixville, PA 14960, USA

Ziegler, Renatus. (1987) Die Entdeckung der nichteuklidischen Geometrie und ihre Folgen; Bemerkungen zur Bewußtseinsgeschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Elemente der Naturwissenschaft 47(2), 31-57

Ziegler, R. (1991) Mathematical thinking – a cognitive adventure between the ideal and the real. Newsletter of the Society for the Evolution of Science. 7(1) 27-48 (Available from the Editor: Mark Riegner, Prescott College, 220 Grove Avenue, Prescott, Arizona 86301, USA)

Thomas, N. (1999) Science Between Space and Counterspace. Temple Lodge Publications, London.

Adams, G. & Whicher, O. (1980) The Plant Between Sun and Earth. Rudolf Steiner Press, London. 2nd Edition.

Whicher, O. (1971) Projective Geometry – Creative Polarities in Space and Time. Rudolf Steiner Press, London, 1971.

George Adams (1965, 1978) Physical and Ethereal Spaces. First Published in German in 1933. Rudolf Steiner Press, London. ISBN 0 85440-328-0

Lawrence Edwards (1985) Projective Geometry. Rudolf Steiner Institute,Phoenixville, PA, USA. ISBN 0-9615304-0-5-3.

Angelo Andes Rovida (1980) Projective Geometry. Loose Leaf Folder of Working Notes for Students. Ed: Norman Davidson. Pubs: E.C. Byford, Michael Hall School, Forest Row, East Sussex, England.

Oswald Veblen & John Wesley Young (1910 & 1918) Projective Geometry (Vols 1 & 2) , pubs Ginn & Co.

Theodor Reye, (1898) Lectures on the Geometry of Position. Trans: T. F. Holgate, Macmillan & Co, London. (Part 1 only)

Theodor Reye (Parts 2 & 3, 1907 & 1909) Die Geometrie der Lage, Alfred Kroener Verlag, Leipzig. [First edition prefaces dated 1867.]

L. N. G. Filon (1935) An Introduction to Projective Geometry, Edward Arnold, London.

T. Ewan Faulkner (1952) Projective Geometry, Oliver & Boyd, 1952.

Duporcq (date?) ‘Premiers Principle de Geometrie Moderne’, published by Gauthier-Villars, Paris.


Smith, Howard (1989) Chemistry without atoms? Science Forum 8, 3-6

Hauschka, Rudolf. (1950) Substanzlehre. Pubs: Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main. Translated by Mary T Richards and Marjorie Spock as ‘The Nature of Substance’. Published 1983 by Rudolf Steiner Press, London.

Chemistry for Steiner/Waldorf Schools

Chemistry in Classes 7 and 8 for Teachers in Steiner/Waldorf Schools. Graham Kennish. 1997. Science Teacher Training Course, Wynstones, Whaddon, Gloucester, GL4 0UF, UK.

Julius, Frits H. (1965) Grundlagen einer phänomenologischen Chemie – Stoffeswelt und Menschenbildung – Chemie an einfachen Phänomenen dargestellt – Teil I. Verlag Freies Geistesleben, Stuttgart. Translated from the German by Wolfgang Rudolf as ‘The world of matter and the education of man chemistry presented by simple phenomena’. 1987. Pubs: Steiner Schools Fellowship, UK (see Ref. 28)

Julius, Frits H. (1965) Grundlagen einer phänomenologischen Chemie – Stoffeswelt und Menschenbildung – Teil II. Verlag Freies Geistesleben, Stuttgart. (This edition is in German having been translated from Dutch)

Kolisko, Eugen (1932) Vom ersten Unterricht in der Chemie. Translated by A. Clunies-Ross as ‘Elementary chemistry’. First English publication, 1938, in the journal ‘The present age’. Reprinted 1978 by Kolisko Archive Publications, Bournemouth, UK

Pelikan, Wilhelm (1952) Sieben metalle. Translated by Charlotte Lebensart as ‘The secrets of metals’. 1973. Pubs: Anthroposophic Press, New York

Ott, Gerhard (1960 & 1962) Grundriß einer Chemie nach phänomenologischer Methode. Zbinden Verlag Basel, Vol I (1960), Vol 2 (1962) (English translation not published)

Mackensen, Manfred von (1988 & 1989) Werken und basteln in der Chemie – Eine Anleitung zu chemischen Versuchsreihen mit den Mitteln des Alltags, Heft 1 (1988) & Heft 2 (1989). Pubs: see reference 55

Mackensen, M. von (1991) Laborunterricht in Chemie – Alkohol, Seife, Salz, Pflanzenextrakte – Eine Anleitung zu Experimentierkursen mit Schülern der achten bis elften Klasse. Pubs: see reference 55.

Mackensen, M. von (1989) Feuer-Kalk-Metalle und Stärke, Eiweiss, Zucker, Fett – Einführende Unterrichtsgebiete aus phänomenologischem Ansatz für die Chemieepochen der 7. und 8. Klasse – mit Versuchsbeschreibungen. Pubs: Bildungswerk Beruf und Umwelt e.V. an der Freien Waldorfschule Kassel, Bildungswerk, Lehrmittelabteilung, Brabanterstraße 43, 34131 Kassel, Germany

Mackensen, M. von (1993) Vom Kohlenstoff zum Äther – Materialien für den Chemieunterricht der 9. Klasse, mit Versuchsbeschreibungen und Vertiefungen von Einzelthemen, zugleich eine Einführung aus phänomenologischem Ansatz unter dem Begriff innerer Naturen. Pubs: see reference 55

Mackensen, M. von (1988) Salze – Säuren – Laugen. Phänomenologischen Chemie für der 10. Klasse. Pubs: see reference 55

Mackensen, M. von & Reinhard Schoppmann (1994) Prozesschemie aus spirituellem Ansatz – Chemische Grundstoffe als Impulse in Natur und Mensch, zugleich ein Konzept zur Gestaltung von Chemieunterricht, mit Versuchsanleitungen. Pubs: see reference 55

Mackensen, M. von (1973) Ein Hinweis auf die Prozesschemie – Zum Studium des Wolkenbeispiels in den Lehrplanangaben Rudolf Steiners. Elemente der Naturwissenschaft, 18/1, 29-32

Dietz, Walter (1989) Chemie – Ergebnisse aus dem Epochenunterrricht in der 7. und 8. Klasse. Pubs: Verlag der Kooperative Dürnau, Im Winkel 11, D-88422 Dürnau, Germany


Hauschka, Rudolf (1951) Ernährungslehre. Pubs: Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main. Translated bu Marjorie Spock and Mary T. Richards as ‘Nutrition’. 2nd English Edition, 1983. Rudolf Steiner Press, London


Adams, G. (1977) Universal Forces in Mechanics. Rudolf Steiner Press, London.

Thomas, N. (1996) Rethinking Physics. Science Group of the Anthroposophical Society in Great Britain, Newsletter articles Supplement (now called Archetype), pp 1-11.

Catching the Light. Arthur Zajonc.1993. Bantam Books, New York

Verhulst, Jos (1994) Der Glanz von Kopenhagen. Verlag Freies Geistesleben, 379 p., ISBN 3-7725-1456-1. (re: spiritual perspectives on modern physics)


Movement and Rhythms of the Stars – a Guide to Naked-Eye Observation of Sun, Moon and Planets. Joachim Schultz. 1986. Floris Books, Edinburgh. ISBN 0-86315-034-9. (Also Anthroposophic Press, USA: ISBN 0-88010-171-7).

Sky Phenomena — A Guide to Naked-Eye Observation of the Stars. Norman Davidson. 1993. Floris Books, Edinburgh & Lindisfarne Press, USA. ISBN 0-86315-168-x.


The Plant – A Guide to Understanding its Nature. Gerbert Grohmann. Vols. I & II. 1989. Biodynamic Farming and Gardening Association, Kimberton, PA, USA. ISBN 0-938250-23-X. First published by Rudolf Steiner Press, London, 1974. Trans. K. Castelliz & B. Saunders-Davies.

Colquhoun, M. (1996) New Eyes for Plants. Hawthorn Press, Stroud

Metamorphosis of Plants. Four Essays by Andreas Suchantke and Jochen Bockemühl. 1. The Leaf: “The True Proteus” by Suchantke. 2. Morphic Movements in the Vegetative Leaves of Higher Plants by Bockemühl. 3. The Morphic Movements of Plants as Expresions of the Temporal Body by Bockemühl. 4. The Metamorphosis of Plants as an Expression of Juvenilisation in the Process of Evolution by Suchantke. Novalis Press, South Africa. 69 pages, ISBN 0-95838-852-0, paperback. Also available from Anthroposophic Press, Hudson, NY.

Technology & Science

Paul Schatz: Rhythmusforschung und Technik, edited by Christoph Podak, 2nd extended edition, Verlag Freies Geistesleben, Stuttgart 1998, 196 pages. ISBN 3-7725-16126-2. See also and

Rudolf Steiner ueber den Atomismus (Zwei Aufsaetze aus dem Fruehwerk). Beitraege zur Rudolf Steiner Gesamtausgabe, Nr. 63 (Michaelmas 1978) Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach. ISBN 3-7274-8063-7.

Der Zwoelffarbenkreis und eine Aufgabenstellung Rudolf Steiners zur Gewinnung von Lebensaetherkraeften aus dem Pfirsichbluet des zusammengeschlossenen Farbenspektrums
Beitraege zur Rudolf Steiner Gesamtausgabe, Nr. 95/96 (Easter 1987). Doppelheft, ISBN 3-7274-8095-5.

Von Wesen des Schmetterlings / Aufzeichnungen zum Dritten Naturwissenschaftlichen Kurs. Beitraege zur Rudolf Steiner Gesamtausgabe, Nr. 104 (Easter 1990) ISBN 3-7274-8104-8.

Der Strader-Apparat – Modell, Skizzen, Berichte. Beitraege zur Rudolf Steiner Gesamtausgabe, Nr. 107 (Michaelmas 1991).

Rudolf Steiner und die Gruendung der Weleda. Beitraege zur Rudolf Steiner Gesamtausgabe, Nr. 118/119 (Summer 1997) Doppelheft, ISBN 3-7274-8118-8.

De Jundi Shapur a Silicon Valley, (1991) Francis P. Emberson. Les Trois Arches, 24 avenue des Tilleuls, 78400 Chatou, France. 2nd edition 1996. ISBN 2-904991-43-3

From Gondi Shapur to Silicon Valley (1997) Etheric Dimensions Press, Glengorm Castle, Isle of Mull, Agyll, Scotland. February 1997. ISBN 2 – 904991 – 43 – 3. First Edition: 1991, Reprinted: 1996


Spiritual Science and Electricity. Ernst Lehrs. 1975. Rudolf Steiner Press, London. ISBN 85440 296 9.

Water, Electricity and Health. Alan Hall.1997. Hawthorn Press, Stroud, UK. ISBN 1 869 890 94 9.

Fluid Dynamics

Sensitive Chaos – The Creation of Flowing Forms in Water and Air. Theodor Schwenk. 1965 (1st.ed.). Trans. J. Collis. Rudolf Steiner Press, London. ISBN 1-85584-055-3 (New edition).

Chaos, Rhythm and Flow in Nature — The Golden Blade, Vol. 46. Andrew Wolpert & William Forward (eds.). Based on proceedings at a conference of the Science Group of the Anthroposophical Society in Great Britain, Hawkwood College, Stroud, September 1992. Floris Books, Edinburgh. 1993. ISBN 0-86315-173-6.

Flowforms: the Rhythmic Power of Water — John Wilkes. Floris Books, Edinburgh, UK. 2003. ISBN 0-86315-392-5


The Heart of the Matter – Discovering the Laws of Living Organisms. Olive Whicher. 1997. Temple Lodge, London. ISBN 0 904693 91 0.

Embryogenesis in Myth and Science. Thomas J. Weihs. 1986. Floris Books, Edinburgh. ISBN 0-86315-040-3.

The Secrets of the Skeleton — Form in Metamorphosis. L.F.C. Mees.1984. Translation by Ellen Bohr and David Adams. Anthroposophic Press, USA. ISBN 0-88010-087-7.

Developmental Dynamics in Humans and other Primates: Discovering Evolutionary Principles through Comparastive Morphology — Jos Verhulst. Adonis Press, NY. 2003. ISBN 0-932776-28-0 (hardcover), 0-932776-29-9 (paperback). Translated by Catherine Creeger from ‘Der Erstgeborene: Mensch und höhere Tiere in der Evolution’. Jos Verhulst. ISBN:3-7725-1557-6. Verlag Freies Geistesleben, ca. 380 pages, 1999.

Die Gemeinsame Evolution von Erde und Mensch. Dankmar Bosse, Verlag Freies Geistesleben, Stuttgart, 2002.

Genetics and Genetic Engineering

‘A Question of Genes – Understanding Life in Context’. Craig Holdrege. Floris Books, Edinburgh. ISBN 0-86315-239-2. 1996. also published as ‘Genetics and the Manipulation of Life. The Forgotten Factor of Context.’ Lindisfarne Press, Hudson, NY. 1996.

‘The Future of DNA’. Proceedings of a Conference, 2-5 October 1996, Dornach, Switzerland. J. Wirz & E. Lammerts van Bueren (Eds), Kluwer Academic Publishers, 289pp, ISBN 0-7923-4620-3. 1997.

Vererbung und Genetik. Peter Grünewald & Frits Wilmar. 1992. Verlag am Goetheanum, Dornach, Switzerland. ISBN 3-7235-0629-1

Zit er toekomst in ons DNA? – Genetische manipulatie bij plant, dier en mens: een aanzet tot maatschappelijke oordeelsvorming Eds. Jaap van der Wal & Edith Lammerts van Bueren, Ifgene Holland, Werkgroep Genenmanipulatie en Oordeelsvorming, Louis Bolk Instituut, Hooftstraat 24, 3972 LA Driebergen, Holland, 1993

‘Geno’ Newspaper on Gene Technology, Science, Ethics & Regulation, published by Werkgroep Genenmanipulatie en Oordeelsvorming, address as above

Genmanipulation an Pflanze, Tier und Mensch, Grundlagen zur Urteilsbildung, Verlag Freies Geistesleben Stuttgart, 1994, ISBN 3-7725-1449-9 pp214. Translation (slightly cut) of ‘Zit er toekomst in ons DNA?’ from Werkgroep Genenmanipulatie en Oordeelsvormung, from whom it can be obtained (see above), for an alternative source, please see next item.

Machbarkeit und Erkennbarkeit – Zum Problem der Gentechnologie by Sebastian Lorenz, in ‘Die Drei’, 11/1994, pp880-895. Publisher: Verlag Freies Geistesleben, Haussmannstraße 76, Postfach 13 11 22, 7000 Stuttgart 1, Germany. It should be available from UK booksellers but if difficulty is experienced, the following dealer imports from Germany and runs an reasonably rapid mail order service: Botton Books, Botton Village, Danby, Whitby, North Yorkshire, YO21 2NJ, Tel: 01287 661279, Fax: 01287 661295. (This issue of ‘Die Drei’ contains several articles on gene technology)

Vererbung und Genetik by Peter Grünewald and Frits Wilmar, Verlag am Goetheanum, 1992. ISBN 3-7235-0629-1

Das spannungsfeld zwischen Biotechnologie und Anthroposophie by Edith Lammerts van Beueren, Johannes Wirz & Jelle van der Meulen in ‘Das Goetheanum’ Nr. 39, 7 Jan 1996, pp 471-474. Publishers: Wochenschrift für Anthroposophie, Postfach 134, CH-4143 Dornach 1, Switzerland. (English translation available – see below)

Schritte zur Komplementarität in der Genetik by Johannes Wirz. Elemente der Naturwissenschaft 64(1), 1996, pp37-52. Verlag der Kooperative Dürnau, Im Winkel 11, D-88422 Dürnau, Germany.

Gentechnik und Medizin by Peter Grünewald. Chapter in ‘Gentechnik’, published by Arbeitskreis für Ernährungsforschung e.V., Zwerweg 19, D-75278 Bad Liebenzell-Unterlegenhardt, Germany. Proceedings of a conference 14-16 March 1995, ISBN 3-9-222-90-248.*

‘What will mankind bring about by trying to gain control of heredity? – Fundamentals of a DNA world view’, 1994, Jaap van der Wal, Archetype — Articles Supplement of the Newsletter of the Science Group of the Anthroposophical Society in Great Britain, Issue 1, September 1995.

‘Is the future in our DNA’ – English chapter summaries from ‘Zit er toekomst in ons DNA’ (See above) Pubs: Ifgene UK, Hafan, Cae Llwyd, Llanystumdwy, Cricieth, Gwynedd, LL52 0SG, UK.

‘Plant, animal and human genetic manipulation. An approach to forming judgements and developing public awareness’ by Edith Lammerts van Bueren. Translation of Chapter 1 from ‘Zit er toekomst in ons DNA’ (see above) Pubs: Ifgene UK, Hafan, Cae Llwyd, Llanystumdwy, Cricieth, Gwynedd, LL52 0SG, UK.

‘Reductionism and organicism in science’ by Henk Verhoog. Translation of Chapter 2 from ‘Zit er toekomst in ons DNA’ (see above) Pubs: Ifgene UK, Hafan, Cae Llwyd, Llanystumdwy, Cricieth, Gwynedd, LL52 0SG, UK.

‘Do the genes justify the means?’,Pat Cheney, (1996), Quaker Monthly, July 1996, 3pp. Also at

‘A question of genes – understanding life in context’ by Craig Holdrege, Floris Books, 1996. ISBN 0-86315-239-2, £9.99

‘Biotechnology – Bioethics: The body becomes public property’, by Johannes Wirz, in News from the Goetheanum, Vol 16 (5), Sep/Oct 1995, pp1-3. Review of ‘Der biotechnische Mensch – Genetische Utopien und ihre Rechtfertigung durch Bioethik’ Pubs: Info3 Verlag. Translated by David J. Heaf. Pubs: Ifgene UK, Hafan, Cae Llwyd, Llanystumdwy, Cricieth, Gwynedd, LL52 0SG, UK.

En toen was er DNA…wat moeten we ermee? Over morele en maatschappelijke dilemma’s Edith Lammerts van Bueren and others. 1998. Vrij Geestesleven, Zeist, NL. ISBN 90 6038 419 9.

Geology & Mineralogy

Cloos, Walther (1970) Lebenstufen der Erde. 2nd Edition. Pubs: Verlag Freies Geistesleben, Stuttgart. Translated by K. Castellitz and B. Saunders-Davies as ‘The living earth – The organic origin of rocks and minerals’. Pubs: Lanthorne Press, 1977.

Ballivet, Christine (1985) Zu den geologischen Schriften Goethes. Elemente der Naturwissenschaft, 43/2, 1-21. Translated by David J. Heaf as ‘An overview of Goethe’s geological writings’. Published in the Articles Supplement to the Newsletter of the Science Group of the Anthroposophical Society in Great Britain, Issue 1, September 1995. (? verify details)

Benesch, Friedrich, and Wilde, Klaus (1983) Kiesel, Kalk, Ton – Prozesse im Mineral, Pflanze, Tier und Mensch. Pubs: Verlag Urachhaus.

Benesch, Friedrick (1981) Apokalypse – die Verwandlung der Erde – Eine okkulte Minerralogie. Pubs. Verlag Urachhause, Stuttgart

Sensitive Imaging Processes for Investigation of Etheric Formative Forces

Kolisko, Lilly (1929) Das Silber und der Mond – Experimentelle Studien aus dem biologishen Institut am Goetheanum – Schriftenreihe der Natura III. Orient-Occident Verlag, Stuttgart

Pfeiffer, Ehrenfried (1975) Sensitive crystallisation processes – a demonstration of formative forces in the blood. Anthroposophic Press, New York

Kolisko, L. (1952) Sternenwerken in Erdenstoffen – Saturn und Blei – Ein Versuch die Phänomene der Chemie, Astronomie und Physiologie zusammen zu schauen. Published by the author.

Kolisko, L. (1936) Gold and the Sun – an account of experiments conducted in connection with the total eclipse of the sun of 19th June 1936. School of Spiritual Science, Rudolf Steiner House, London.

Kolisko, L. (1932) Sternenwirken in Erdenstoffen IV – Der Jupiter und das Zinn – Experimentelle Studien aus dem Biologischen Institut am Goetheanum. Mathematisch-Astronomisch Sektion am Goetheanum, Stuttgart

Fyfe, Agnes (1967) Über die Variabilität von Silber-Eisen-Steigbildern. Elemente der Naturwissenschaft, 6(1), 35-43

Fyfe, A. (1981) Scientific hypotheses and etheric forces. Science Forum 3, 30.

Kolisko, Eugen & Lilly Kolisko (1978) Agriculture of Tomorrow. Kolisko Archive Publications, Bournemouth

Záveský, Václav (1987) Was kann die Steigbildmethode nach L. Kolisko zu einer phänomenologischen Betrachtung der Pflanzenstofflichkeit beitragen? Elemente der Narurwissenschaft, 46(1), 4-21

Steffen, William (1983) The physico-chemical basis of capillary dynamolysis. Science Forum 4, 3-7

Fyfe, A. (1967) Die Signatur des Mondes in Pflanzenreich. Stuttgart English edition ‘Moon and Plant’, Stuttgart, (1975)

Steffen, W. (1983) Untersuchungen zu den physikalisch-chemischen Grundlagen der Steigbildmethode. Elemente der Naturwissenschaft, 38, 36-49

Balthasar, Paul (1986) Bemerkungen zu William Steffen: Untersuchungen zu den experimentellen und physikalisch-chemischen Grundlagen der Steigbildmethode. Elemente der Naturwissenschaft 44(1), 66-70

Knijpenga, Haijo (1987) Die Steigbildmethode als erkenntnistheoretisch Herausforderung. Elemente der Naturwissenschaft, 46(1), 2-3

Environment, Landscape and Ecology

In Partnership with Nature. Jochen Bockemühl (ed.). 1981. Biodynamic Literature, Wyoming, Rhode Island 02898, USA. ISBN 0-938250-17-5.

Bockemühl, J. ed. ‘Awakening to Landscape’. Chapter 6.. Translated by Anna Meuss. Pubs: Natural Science Section, The Goetheanum, Dornach, Switzerland.

Bockemühl, J. Dying Forests – a Crisis in Consciousness. 1986. Hawthorn Press, Stroud, UK. Social Ecology Series. ISBN 1 869 890 02 7. 96pp.

Der Singende Busch – Über die Seele der Landschaft in den Stimmen und Farben unserer Vögel. Heinrich Frieling. 1986. Novalis Verlag, Schaffhausen, CH. ISBN 3-7214-0555-2. Trans. David J. Heaf. as ‘The Singing Bush – The Soul of the Landscape in the Songs and Colours of its Birds’. 1996. English version available from the translator, address: Hafan, Cae Llwyd, Llanystumdwy, Cricieth, Gwynedd, LL52, 0SG, UK.

Material for Waldorf School (Steiner School) Science Teaching

Stockmeyer, E. A. Karl (1955) ‘Rudolf Steiner’s curriculum for Waldorf schools’, Compiler: E. A. Karl Stockmeyer, 1955, Translated from the 2nd Edition by R. Everett-Zade, 1965, Pubs: Steiner Schools Fellowship. Distributed by Robinswood Press

Steiner, R. (1919) Erziehungskunst. Methodisch-Didaktisches (II). 14 lectures given in Stuttgart, 21st August – 5th September. GA 294. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1990. Translated by Johanna Collis as ‘Practical advice for teachers’. 1976. Rudolf Steiner Press, London

Bittleston, Daniel & Sonia Price (1978) Goethean science in the Waldorf curriculum. A report on a study conference for class teachers led by Manfred von Mackensen and Wolfgang Schad, held at Kassel, 30th January – 4th February. Pubs: Steiner Schools Fellowship

Steiner, R. (1924) Der pädagogisch Wert der Menschenerkenntnis und der Kulturwert der Pädagogik. Ten lectures given at Arnheim, Holland, 17th – 24th July. GA 310. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, 1989. Translated by V. Compton-Burnett as ‘Human values in education’. 1971. Rudolf Steiner Press, London

Steiner, R. (1919) Allgemeine Menschenkunde als Grundlage der Pädagogik. Lecture 3 of 14 lectures given at Stuttgart, 21st August – 5th September. GA 293. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach. Translated by Daphne Harwood & Helen Fox as ‘Study of man – general education course’. Revised: A. C. Harwood. 1966. Rudolf Steiner Press, London.

Faculty Meetings with Rudolf Steiner. Vols. I (1919-22, GA 300a,b) & II (1922-24, GA 300 b,c). Trans. R. Lathe & N. Whittaker. 1999. Anthroposophic Press, Hudson, NY. ISBN 0-88010-458-9.

Biography & History

George Adams – Interpreter of Rudolf Steiner. 1977. Compiled by Olive Whicher. Foreword by Owen Barfield. Henry Goulden Ltd, East Grinstead, Sussex. ISBN 0-904822-08-7.

Podak, C. (1998) Präliminarien zu einer Geschichte und Soziologie der anthroposophischen Forschungsinstitute in den zwanziger Jahren. The English translation by Paul Carline of this essay is published in Archetype, Issue No. 5, September 1999.

Beiträge zur Rudolf Steiner Gesamtausgabe», Nr. 122 (Sommer 2000): Aufgabenstellungen von Rudolf Steiner für naturwissenschaftliche Forschungen. Die vier Ätherarten/Elektrizität/Veredelung von Torffasern/Holzbehandlung/Radio/Wärme-Leitung/Erdmagnetismus/Pflanzenwachstum — incl. «Schiller-mappe». 112 pp, h/b, SFr. 18.–/DM 19.– © Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach, Switzerland.

For bibliographic enquiries on Rudolf Steiner’s and other anthroposophical works contact Judith Soleil, the Librarian, Rudolf Steiner Library, New York
Rudolf Steiner Library
RD 2 Box 215
Ghent NY 12075
Phone: (518) 672-7690
Fax: (518) 672-5827

or Margaret Jonas
The Library
Rudolf Steiner House
35 Park Road
Phone: 020 7723 4400
Fax: 020 7724 4364

Sources of many of the above insofar as they are in English translation and still in print:

Anthroposophic Press – Nature & Science Page

Rudolf Steiner Press

Hawthorn Press

Floris Books

Adonis Press Science

Verlag Freies Geistesleben — (& Verlag Urachhaus) German language

Wellspring Bookshop, London

Study aids

Rudolf Steiner’s collected works (Gesamtausgabe, GA) online in German:

Rudolf Steiner Archive — in German

On-Line Bibliographic Resource for Rudolf Steiner’s works or

Index of Rudolf Steiner’s Lectures

German – English Dictionary (Leo)

Further relevant titles are welcomed. Please include full bibliographic data wherever possible: title, author, date, publisher, ISBN, translator, journal, volume, number, pages etc. Please supply data in digital form ready for cutting and pasting (ASCII-Text, Microsoft Word, RTF etc).

Dr David J. Heaf
Science Group Newsletter Editor
Cae Llwyd
LL52 0SG

Visit the Rudolf Steiner Archive and eLib for bibliographies, bibliographic aids and downloads of other works by Steiner.